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Soooo, we all know data is king and it can shut shit down. Here are a whole bunch of facts to familarise yourself with; one, to disprove your own ignorance and two, to take to work and your own dinner table, so that when that racist cousin/coworker decides to start talking reckless, you can educate them.
Please also be aware that statistics can be warped to paint a certain picture for different arguing sides. The key thing to note is that the disparity often lies between the simple fact, that the population of black people is often much less than white people, and this is a factor you have to take into account when hearing stats.
FYI: Black people make up 3.3% of the population in England and Wales and 13% of the population in the United States.
let's begin with the uk...
Unemployment rates were significantly higher for ethnic minorities at 12.9 percent compared with 6.3 per cent for White people
Black workers with degrees earn 23.1 percent less on average than White workers
in Britain, significantly lower percentages of ethnic minorities (8.8 percent) worked as managers, directors and senior officials, compared with White people (10.7 percent) and this was particularly true for African or Caribbean or Black people (5.7 percent) and those of mixed ethnicity (7.2 percent)
Black people who leave school with A-levels typically get paid 14.3 percent less than their White peers
Just 6 per cent of Black school leavers attended a Russell Group university, compared with 12 percent of mixed and Asian school leavers and 11 per cent of White school leavers
Black Caribbean and Mixed White/Black Caribbean children have rates of permanent exclusion about three times that of the pupil population as a whole
Rates of prosecution and sentencing for Black people were three times higher than for White people,18 per thousand population compared with six per thousand population for White people
For sentencing it was 13 per thousand population for Black people and five per thousand population for White people
The homicide rate for Black people was 30.5 per million population, 14.1 for Asian people and 8.9 for White people
Race hate crimes on Britain’s railway networks have risen by 37 percent
In England, 37.4 per cent of Black people and 44.8 per cent of Asian people felt unsafe being at home or around their local area, compared with 29.2 percent of White people
Pakistani or Bangladeshi and Black adults are more likely to live in substandard accommodation than White people
30.9 percent of Pakistani or Bangladeshi people live in overcrowded accommodation, while for Black people the figure is 26.8 percent and for White people it is 8.3 per cent
If you are an ethnic minority person, you are still more likely to live in poverty. Our evidence shows that 35.7 per cent of ethnic minorities were more likely to live in poverty compared with 17.2 per cent of White people
In Scotland, ethnic minority households are more likely to experience overcrowding, with 11.8 percent for ethnic minority households compared with 2.9 percent for White households
Health and care
Black African women had a mortality rate four times higher than White women in the UK
There is a significant disproportionate number of ethnic minorities detained under mental health legislation in hospitals in England and Wales
Black African women were seven times more likely to be detained than White British women
Read the full Equality and Human Rights in the UK Report here
from uk gov statistics
Black Caribbean pupils were twice as likely to be temporarily excluded from school as White British pupils. 10.2% were temporarily excluded, compared with 5.2% of White British pupils. (England, 2016/17)
Black Caribbean pupils are almost three times as likely to be permanently excluded as White British pupils. 0.28% were permanently excluded, compared with 0.10% of White British pupils. (England, 2016/17)
Stop and search
Black Caribbean people were 9.6 times as likely to stopped and searched as White British people. There were 26 stop and searches per 1,000 Black Caribbean people, compared with 3 stop and searches per 1,000 White British people. This was the highest rate out of all ethnic groups except those recorded as ‘Other Black’. (England and Wales, 2017/18)
Black Caribbean people were 3.8 times as likely to be arrested as White British people. There were 38 arrests for every 1,000 Black Caribbean people (the highest out of all ethnic groups), compared with 10 arrests for every 1,000 White British people. (England and Wales, 2017/18)
The arrest rate for Black Caribbean people decreased from 81 per 1,000 people in 2006/7 to 38 per 1,000 people in 2017/18. This is a larger decrease than that seen for White British people (from 24 per 1,000 people in 2006/7 to 10 in 2017/18). (England and Wales, 2017/18)
Fear of crime
28% of Black Caribbean people said they thought they were likely to be a victim of crime in the next year, compared with 18% of White British people. (England and Wales, 2015/16)
Home ownership and renting
37% of Black Caribbean people were homeowners, compared with 68% of people from both the White British and Indian ethnic groups. (England, 2015/16 and 2016/17 combined)
45% of Black Caribbean households rented social housing, compared with 16% of White British households. (England, 2015/16 and 2016/17 combined)
Black Caribbean people had the highest rate of detention under the Mental Health Act out of all ethnic groups, at 254 detentions per 100,000 people. This was 3.7 times as high as the rate for White British people (69 per 100,000 people). (England, 2017/18)
OK let's take a look at the USA
So firstly 11 facts about racial inequality in the states
During the 2015–2016 school year, Black students represented only 15% of total US student enrolment, but they made up 35% of students suspended once, 44% of students suspended more than once, and 36% of students expelled. The US Department of Education concluded that this disparity is “not explained by more frequent or more serious misbehaviour by students of colour.”
In New York City, 88% of police stops in 2018 involved Black and Latinx people, while 10% involved white people. (Of those stops, 70% were completely innocent.)
In one US survey, 15.8% of students reported experiencing race-based bullying or harassment. Research has found significant associations between racial bullying and negative mental and physical health in students.
From 2013 to 2017, white patients in the US received better quality health care than about 34% of Hispanic patients, 40% of Black patients, and 40% of Native American patients.
Black women are 3 to 4 times more likely to experience a pregnancy-related death than white women, even at similar levels of income and education.
Black Americans are more likely than white Americans to be arrested. Once arrested, they are more likely to be convicted, and once convicted, they are more likely to experience lengthy prison sentences.
Black Americans and white Americans use drugs at similar rates, but Black Americans are 6 times more likely to be arrested for it.
On average, Black men in the US receive sentences that are 19.1% longer than those of white men convicted for the same crimes.
In the US, Black individuals are twice as likely to be unemployed than white individuals. Once employed, Black individuals earn nearly 25% less than their white counterparts.
One US study found that job resumes with traditionally white-sounding names received 50% more callbacks than those with traditionally Black names.
In the US, Black workers are less likely than white workers to be employed in a job that is consistent with their level of education.
And now thanks to Ben And Jerry's of all places, here are some facts broken down by factors.
White families hold 90% of the national wealth, Latino families hold 2.3%, and Black families hold 2.6%.
That basically means for every $100 white families earn in income, Black families earn just $57.30. That’s almost unbelievable—and it’s a huge racial-justice issue.
Black people with college degrees are twice as likely to be unemployed as all other graduates.
One study found job applicants with white-sounding names get called back about 50% more of the time than applicants with black-sounding names, even when they have identical resumes.
Whilst black children constitute 18% of preschoolers nationwide, they make up nearly 50% of suspensions.
When all age groups are examined, black students are three times more likely to be suspended than white students, even when their infractions are similar.
Overall, Black students represent 16% of student enrolment and 27% of students referred to law enforcement. And once black children are in the criminal justice system, they are 18 times more likely than white children to be sentenced as adults.
Black people make up 13% of the population, yet they represent about 40% of the prison population.
You may not know but a felony conviction mean that in many states, you lose your right to vote. Right now in America, more than 7.4% of the adult African American population is disenfranchised (compared to 1.8% of the non-African American population).
When the government sought to make mortgages more affordable back in the 1930s, thereby jumpstarting the epoch of suburban living, the Home Owner’s Loan Corporation (and thereafter private banks) ranked neighbourhoods all around the country, giving high marks to all-White neighbourhoods and marking those with minorities in red as risky investments. Redlining which essentially barred blacks and other minorities from sharing in the American Dream and building wealth like their white counterparts, was officially outlawed in the ’60s, but the practice really never went away.
In fact, during the Great Recession, banks routinely and purposely guided black home buyers toward subprime loans. A recent study demonstrated that BIPOC are told about and shown fewer homes and apartments than whites. Black ownership is now at an all-time low (42%, compared to 72% for whites).
More than half of all young Black Americans know someone, including themselves, who has been harassed by the police.
African Americans can expect to be monitored wherever they go—but did you know that they can’t even expect to safely cross the street? Black people are twice as likely to die in pedestrian accidents than White people, perhaps because, according to one study, motorists are less likely to stop for blacks in the crosswalk.)
A 2012 study found that a majority of doctors have “unconscious racial biases” when it comes to their Black patients.
Black Americans are far more likely than whites to lack access to emergency medical care.
The hospitals they go to tend to be less well funded, and staffed by practitioners with less experience.
Black Doctors are less likely than their similarly credentialed white peers to receive government grants for research projects.